Heritage Locations

Melrose Station


Architecturally one of the most important stations in Scotland

Constructor:
Unclassified

Period of construction:
1800 - 1849

Transport Trust plaque:
No

Transport Mode:
Rail

Address:
Melrose Station, Melrose, Borders, Scotland TD6 9PR

Postcode:
TD6 9PR

Nearest Town:
Melrose

Heritage Centre:
No


When the Edinburgh to Carlisle railway line, better known as the "Waverley Route", was closed as part of the Beeching cuts in 1969, a microcosm of Scotland's nineteenth century railway heritage was transformed from being an every day part of our transport system to a relic of our history. And along with the hundred miles of track were all the viaducts, maintenance sheds, signal boxes, halts and stations. All, overnight, became redundant.The survivor from all this wreckage, indeed the sole remaining building of significance from any of the various parts of the old Borders railway system, was the station house at Melrose.

The first talk of a railway through Melrose was in 1810 when the ground between Glasgow and Berwick was surveyed, but it was 39 years before the railway - in the form of a line from Edinburgh to Hawick - came to Melrose and the station opened as a two platform "through station".

Melrose Station was built in 1849 to a scale anticipating tourism associated with the Waverley Novels of Sir Walter Scott. The station house was designed to look like a country mansion, in the then fashionable Jacobean style, complete with Flemish gables, stone mullioned and transomed windows, shafted chimneys, ornamental finials and carved balconies. To protect its passengers from the weather the station platforms were covered with immense iron and timber canopies, of which that attached to the station house remains.

The building was sited to overlook the town, its river and its medieval Abbey, and was described at its opening as "the handsomest provincial station in Scotland" (Border Advertiser, 9th February 1849). Even as late as 1962 Melrose Station won awards for its garden and was featured in Countryman Magazine.

The station closed in 1969 and was rescued by local action leading to its reopening in 1986 with multiple uses. The former Melrose Railway station sita imposingly on a slope above the centre of the town, the station itself on two levels - the principal station building presents a Jacobean facade to the town centre while visitors can ascend a staircase up to the former up-platform covered by an elegant canopy featuring period enamel signs.

The down-platform and most of the track-bed no longer exist, sadly lost for ever beneath the A6091 Melrose bypass. The ornate 'grecian gentleman's lavatory with acroteria motif on the vents', a masterpiece of Scottish ironwork from Sun Works, Glasgow, was moved in 1977 to Bewdley Station on the Severn Valley Railway.The remaining station buildings have been refurbished and now contain a restaurant and a small museum.


Bibliography:

Barman, Christian, An Introduction to Railway Architecture, Art & Technics, (1950)

Biddle, Gordon,
Great Railway Stations of Britain, David & Charles,  ISBN 0 7153 8263 2 (1986)

Biddle, Gordon,
Britain's Historic Railway Buildings, Oxford University Press, ISBN-10: 0198662475 (2003)

Biddle, Gordon,
Victorian Stations, David & Charles, ISBN 0 7153 5949 5 (1973)

Biddle, Gordon & Nock, O.S.,
The Railway Heritage of Britain : 150 years of railway architecture and engineering, Studio Editions, ISBN-10: 1851705953 (1990)

Biddle, Gordon and Simmons, J.,
The Oxford Companion to British Railway History, Oxford, ISBN 0 19 211697 5 (1997)

Biddle, Gordon,and Spence, Jeffry,
The British Railway Station, David & Charles, ISBN 0 7153 7467 2(1977)

Butt, R.V.J.
, The Directory of Railway Stations, Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. (October 1995, 1st Edition)

Conolly, W. Philip,
British Railways Pre-Grouping Atlas And Gazetteer, Ian Allan Publishing, ISBN 0-7110-0320-3 (1958/97)

Hamilton Ellis, C., The North British Railway. (1959)

Lloyd, David and Insall, Donald, Railway Station Architecture, David & Charles, ISBN 0 7153 7575 X (1978)

Robson, Eric, The Border Line, Frances Lincoln, ISBN-10 0711227160 (2007)

Simmons, J., The Railways of Britain, Macmillan, ISBN 0 333 40766 0 (1961-86)

Simmons, J., The Victorian Railway, Thames & Hudson, ISBN 0 500 25110X (1991)

Thomas, J., The North British Atlantics. ISBN 0 7153 5588 0 (1972)

Thomas, J., A Regional History of the Railways of Britain, Scotland, Lowlands and Borders. ISBN 0 746537 12 7 (1984)



Opening Times:

Peramently viewable but opening times vary - visit website or telephone 01869 822546


How To Find:
By road: Off A68 and A7 via A6091 to Melrose


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