Heritage Locations

Liverpool Street Station, London


Magnificent cathedral-like station, second only to Waterloo for passenger numbers

Constructor:
Unclassified

Period of construction:
1850 - 1899

Transport Trust plaque:
No

Transport Mode:
Rail

Address:
Bishopsgate, London EC2M 7QH

Postcode:
EC2M 7QH

Nearest Town:
London

Heritage Centre:
No


Until 1874, the London terminus of the Great Eastern Railway was known as Bishopsgate. This had been opened by the Eastern Counties Railway in 1840 as Shoreditch but had been given the new name in order to give the illusion of being closer to the City. The extension to Liverpool Street was made with the intention of accommodating the increased traffic and in order to improve access to the rest of London. With this in mind, a connection was made to the Underground Railway and the level of the tracks was lowered accordingly. This connection was never fully used and it was closed in 1907 leaving a serious gradient for trains leaving the main station.

The GER engineer Edward Wilson designed the new trainshed with its magnificent cathedral-like wrought iron and glass roof and also the Gothic style offices behind. In 1884 The Great Eastern Hotel by Charles Barry jr. and C.E. Barry was added to the complex. This was further extended in 1901 by Robert W. Edis. Meanwhile in 1894 the trainshed was extended to the east by John Wilson, nephew of Edward, and by W.N.Ashbee, architect to the railway company. This yielded a further eight platforms.

During World War II the station buildings suffered damage, in particular to the Gothic tower at the main entrance. With the disappearance of steam trains and later the diesel, the need was felt for a new and cleaner station which City of London property prices could finance by constructing offices over the tracks. Plans to pull the whole thing down and start again invoked a loud chorus of protest.

A compromise was reached by which the adjacent high level station Broad Street was sacrificed together with the fairly mediocre offices at Liverpool Street. These were rebuilt and the train shed received a major refurbishment. The result has been hailed as a triumph and marks the final acknowledgment, first sensed in the case of St Pancras in 1968, that Victorian Gothic architecture was no longer to be spurned, but to be cherished.


Bibliography:

Barman, Christian, An Introduction to Railway Architecture, Art & Technics, ASIN: B0000CHT2B (1950)

Betjeman, J., London's Historic Railway Stations, ISBN-10: 071952573X (1972)

Biddle, Gordon, Great Railway Stations of Britain, David & Charles, ISBN-10: 0715382632 (1986)

Biddle, Gordon, Britain's Historic Railway Buildings, Oxford University Press, ISBN-10: 0198662475 (2003)

Biddle, Gordon & Nock, O.S., The Railway Heritage of Britain : 150 years of railway architecture and engineering, Studio Editions, ISBN-10: 1851705953 (1990)

Biddle, Gordon and Simmons, J., The Oxford Companion to British Railway History, Oxford, ISBN-10: 0192116975 (1997)

Biddle, Gordon, and Spence, Jeffry, The British Railway Station, David & Charles, ISBN-10: 0715374672 (1977)

Butt, R.V.J., The Directory of Railway Stations, Sparkford: Patrick Stephens, ISBN-10: 1852605081. (October 1995, 1st Edition)

Conolly, W. Philip, British Railways Pre-Grouping Atlas And Gazetteer, Ian Allan Publishing, ISBN-10: 0711003203 (1958/97)

Jackson, Alan, London's Termini, David & Charles, ISBN 0 7153 4474 9 (1969)

Grinling, C.H., History of the Great Northern Railway (1903), General Books LLC, ISBN-10: 0217590411 (2009)

Lloyd, David and Insall, Donald, Railway Station Architecture, David & Charles, ISBN 0 7153 7575 X (1978)

Simmons, J., The Railways of Britain, Macmillan, ISBN-10: 0333407660 (1961-86)

Simmons, J., The Victorian Railway, Thames & Hudson, ISBN-10: 050025110X (1991)



Opening Times:

Permanently viewable - visit website 


How To Find:

By road: Off A10, Bishopsgate

By Rail: The station is served by the Circle, Hammersmith & City, Metropolitan and Central lines


Facilities:
http://weather.msn.com/RSS.aspx?wealocations=wc:UKXX0085&weadegreetype=C


London, GBR - Weather via MSN Weather

Weather conditions and forecast for London, GBR


Current Conditions: Clear in London, GBR (as of 2:20 AM 8/22/2014)

Current conditions (as of 2:20 AM)
Clear
Clear. 15°C (Feels like 15). Humidity: 67% Winds: 19 km/hr WSW.
All times shown are local to London, GBR.
Detailed ten-day forecast   Hourly weather forecast    Weather maps    Weather averages


Forecast for Friday, August 22, 2014 for London, GBR

Today: Showers / Clear.Showers / Clear Lo: 10°C. Hi: 19°C. Chance of precipitation: 55%
Tomorrow: Showers / Clear.Showers / Clear Lo: 10°C. Hi: 18°C. Chance of precipitation: 30%
Sunday: Mostly Cloudy.Mostly Cloudy Lo: 12°C. Hi: 19°C. Chance of precipitation: 15%
Monday: Rain.Rain Lo: 14°C. Hi: 16°C. Chance of precipitation: 98%
Tuesday: Partly Cloudy.Partly Cloudy Lo: 14°C. Hi: 19°C. Chance of precipitation: 90%

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