Heritage Locations

Ouse Valley Viaduct


Probably the most elegant viaduct in Britain

Constructor:
David Mocatta

Period of construction:
1800 - 1849

Transport Trust plaque:
No

Transport Mode:
Rail

Address:
Borde Hill Lane, Balcombe, Sussex, RH16 2HP

Postcode:
RH16 2HP

Nearest Town:
Balcombe

Heritage Centre:
No


There were competing routes for a railway from London to Brighton, including one which was to be in a tunnel all the way. The London & Brighton Railway chose that of Sir John Rennie and engaged John Rastrick to be engineer.

He was a man of considerable experience in railway engineering, having with his partner built Trevithick's 'Catch Me Who Can', only the third steam locomotive to be built in the world. He had also built a cast iron bridge over the river Wye at Chepstow in 1816, had been engineer to the Stratford & Morton Tramway, had built three locomotives for export to America, and was one of the three judges at the 1829 Rainhill trials.

The Ouse viaduct is 450 m (492 yds) long, 29 m (96 ft) high and comprised thirty seven brick arches with pierced piers. Its elegance was enhanced by the railway company's architect, David Mocatta, who built a stone cornice with balustrade along the top and erected four classical pavilions, two at each end. The eleven million bricks and other materials were carried from Holland to the site by barge on the river Ouse. Construction was completed in 1842.

The viaduct was restored in 1996 and still carries c. 110 trains each day. It is Listed Grade II*


Bibliography:

Biddle, Gordon, Britain's Historic Railway Buildings, Oxford University Press, ISBN-10: 0198662475 (2003)

Biddle, Gordon & Nock, O.S., The Railway Heritage of Britain : 150 years of railway architecture and engineering, Studio Editions, ISBN-10: 1851705953 (1990)

Biddle, Gordon and Simmons, J., The Oxford Companion to British Railway History, Oxford, ISBN 0 19 211697 5 (1997)

Bonavia, Michael, Historic Railway Sites in Britain, Hale, ISBN 0 7090 3156 4 (1987)

Conolly, W. Philip, British Railways Pre-Grouping Atlas And Gazetteer, Ian Allan Publishing, ISBN 0-7110-0320-3 (1958/97)

Howard Turner, J. The London, Brighton & South Coast Railway. 3 vols. ISBN 0 7134 0275 X (1977)

Morgan, Bryan, Railways: Civil Engineering, Arrow, ISBN 0 09 908180 6 (1973)

Morgan, Bryan, Railway Relics, Ian Allan, ISBN 0 7110 0092 1 (1969)

Simmons, J., The Railways of Britain, Macmillan, ISBN 0 333 40766 0 (1961-86)

Simmons, J. The Victorian Railway, Thames & Hudson, ISBN 0 500 25110X (1991)

Smith, Martin. British Railway Bridges and Viaducts. ISBN 0 7110 2273 9 (1992)

Turnock, David, An Historical Geography of Railways, Ashgate, ISBN 1 85928 450 7 (1998)

White, H.P. A Regional History of the Railways of Britain, Southern England. ISBN 0 7153 4733 0 (1970)

Wishaw,F. Railways of Great Britain and ireland, Augustus M Kelley Publishing, ISBN-10: 0678056293 (1969)



Opening Times:
Visible at all times

How To Find:

By road: Visible from the road which runs to the east of the viaduct between Haywards Heath and Balcombe

By rail: Balcombe Station is approx 5 km away


Facilities:
http://weather.msn.com/RSS.aspx?wealocations=wc:UKXX0631&weadegreetype=C


Haywards Heath, GBR - Weather via MSN Weather

Weather conditions and forecast for Haywards Heath, GBR


Current Conditions: Clear in Haywards Heath, GBR (as of 1:50 AM 7/26/2014)

Current conditions (as of 1:50 AM)
Clear
Clear. 19°C (Feels like 19). Humidity: 83% Winds: 7 km/hr WNW.
All times shown are local to Haywards Heath, GBR.
Detailed ten-day forecast   Hourly weather forecast    Weather maps    Weather averages


Forecast for Saturday, July 26, 2014 for Haywards Heath, GBR

Today: Showers / Clear.Showers / Clear Lo: 18°C. Hi: 27°C. Chance of precipitation: 25%
Tomorrow: Mostly Cloudy.Mostly Cloudy Lo: 16°C. Hi: 25°C. Chance of precipitation: 20%
Monday: T-storms.T-storms Lo: 14°C. Hi: 24°C. Chance of precipitation: 80%
Tuesday: Partly Cloudy.Partly Cloudy Lo: 15°C. Hi: 24°C. Chance of precipitation: 45%
Wednesday: Partly Cloudy.Partly Cloudy Lo: 15°C. Hi: 24°C. Chance of precipitation: 35%

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